WASHINGTON (Reuters) — The U.S. House of Representatives on Friday passed and sent to the Senate a two-day stopgap extension of existing federal funds to avoid a midnight government shutdown, as negotiators work on a $900 billion coronavirus aid bill and a $1.4 trillion government-wide spending bill through September 2021.
The Senate is expected to try to vote later on Friday on the stopgap measure, which provides government agency funding through midnight on Sunday. It will need the cooperation of all 100 senators to bypass procedural steps and hold a quick vote.
If it passes in the Senate, the measure would go to President Donald Trump for signing into law.
After months of partisan finger-pointing and inaction, Republicans and Democrats have been negotiating intensely on what is expected to be the biggest package since spring to provide relief to a country struggling with a pandemic killing over 3,000 people a day.
With some support from Trump, who leaves office on Jan. 20, and Democratic President-elect Joe Biden, they have reported progress.
But enough differences remain — including a dispute over a Republican-backed plan to rein in Federal Reserve lending programs intended to ease the pandemic’s economic sting — that talks look likely to stretch into the weekend.
Sen. John Thune, the chamber’s No. 2 Republican, said an agreement was coming together, but disagreement over the Fed rules was a major sticking point.
“That’s a big one,” he told reporters at the Capitol. “There are various ideas about how to resolve that, but it’s something that’s a very big priority for a lot of our members.”
Some Republicans accused Democrats of using the lending authorities as a backdoor way to provide aid to state and local governments that Republicans dismiss as a “slush fund” for Democratic-controlled local governments.
Other sticking points include disagreements over the extent of relief for arts venues closed by COVID-19 restrictions and a dispute over whether to increase reimbursements from the Federal Emergency Management Agency to local governments for items like personal protective equipment for schools.
Many issues have been settled. The coronavirus legislation is expected to include onetime checks for most Americans of about $600 each, extended unemployment benefits of $300 per week, help for states distributing the vaccine, and assistance for small businesses struggling through the pandemic.
Congressional leaders plan to attach the COVID-19 aid to the $1.4 trillion spending bill.
Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said talks remained productive. “I am even more optimistic now than I was last night that a bipartisan, bicameral framework for a major rescue package is close at hand,” McConnell said.
He said the Senate would remain in session through the weekend if necessary to reach a deal.
The prospect of a government shutdown increased pressure to come up with a relief plan. An extended shutdown would force thousands more people out of work and disrupt services just as the country is ramping up distribution of coronavirus vaccines, though the effects would not be fully felt over the weekend.
I am even more optimistic now than I was last night that a bipartisan, bicameral framework for a major rescue package is close at hand.
–Mitch McConnell, Republican Senate Majority Leader
“I am so frustrated by the inability of us to act like adults, with responsibility,” Steny Hoyer, the No. 2 House Democrat, told reporters. “We have a government of 2 million people that are waiting every hour to find out if they are going to be working.”
Congress was spurred to action by an alarming increase in hospitalizations and deaths. The U.S. coronavirus death toll, now over 311,000, is by far the world’s highest and many Americans — who do not receive government aid that is automatic in many other nations — are at risk of homelessness or inability to feed their families.
Biden has said he wants COVID-19 relief for Americans passed now, promising to do more after he is sworn in.
Republicans also have a wary eye on the impact inaction might have on a pair of Jan. 5 runoff elections in Georgia, which will determine whether their party maintains control of the Senate for the next two years or hands it over to Democrats.
Democrats say Republican Sen. Pat Toomey is promoting his plan to rein in the Fed’s emergency lending authority in an effort to make it more difficult for Biden’s incoming administration to handle the COVID-19 crisis.
Toomey denied this, saying the lending authorities were expiring anyway.
Larry Kudlow, director of Trump’s National Economic Council, told reporters at the White House that the Trump administration was “strongly in support” of Toomey’s plan.
Brian Deese, Biden’s pick to succeed Kudlow, issued a statement saying the incoming administration was encouraged by the bipartisan effort to provide relief to Americans, but that it should not include Toomey’s provision.
(Reporting by Patirica Zengerle and Richard Cowan; additional reporting by Alex Alper and Susan Cornwell in Washington and Trevor Hunnicut in Wilmington; editing by Scott Malone, Jonathan Oatis and Rosalba O’Brien)